Major Archibald Henry HOGARTH DCM CBE (Mil)
RAMC attd Royal Air Force
Date of birth: 1877
Date of death: 5 September 1919
Died of illness contracted on active service aged 42
Archibald Henry was born in Oxford, the son of Edward Lucas Hogarth, a schoolmaster, and his wife Mary. His father was the proprietor of private schools in Fryern Barnet and Enfield from the late 1870’s for some twenty years.
Presumably, Archibald was educated by his father until he went to Westminster. He came up to Christ Church with a Classical Exhibition in 1896. Whilst up at Oxford, he served during the South African (Boer) War with the Queen’s Own Oxfordshire Hussars being awarded the DCM.
He went on to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital graduating M.B., B.Ch. Oxon. In 1904, he became a house physician at Barts and for part of the time there was, also, assistant medical officer to the Port of London. He became interested in housing, and his M.D Thesis in 1908 was entitled “The present position of the housing problem in and around London”.
Joining the London County Council he worked to establish legislation on school hygiene. Later when he became County Medical Officer for Buckinghamshire, he developed schemes for sanitation in rural districts, dental care of children, maternity and infant welfare and control of venereal disease.
On the outbreak of war, he was mobilised and went to France in September 1914, as Regimental Surgeon. He took part in the battle of Ypres but was invalided home with pleurisy in the spring of 1915. Returning to France in August, he spent the whole of the winter there. Promoted Major in July 1916, he returned to England and was appointed sanitary officer for Southern Command. In early 1917, he was sent to Switzerland to report on the condition of interned British prisoners of war.
In April 1918 he was transferred to the medical branch of the Royal Flying Corps. He went to the Aegean in October, to inspect naval air stations. Influenza was raging and he took charge of the medical arrangements for which he was awarded the OBE.
During the voyage home he contracted “Vincent’s angina” from which he never fully recovered. He died at his home Quainton Cottage, Quainton near Aylesbury.
“—whether in peace or war he always fought the good fight. The singular charm and sincerity of his character were felt by all who knew him. His untimely death is a loss to medicine and more especially to the public health service.”
from the Obituary published in the British Medical Journal September 20th 1919.
Archibald married Margaret Cameron Macdonald in 1915. Their son, Richard, was born in 1917. Margaret Hogarth became well known as a medical officer for schools for the LCC and died in 1980 at the age of 95.
His Effects amounted to £4570 14s 9d. Probate was granted to his widow on October 25th 1919.